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The impala is a medium-sized antelope found in eastern and southern Africa. Two subspecies are recognised—the common impala, and the larger and darker black-faced impala. The impala reaches 28–36 inches at the shoulder and weighs 88–168 pounds. It features a glossy, reddish brown coat. A black stripe extends from the top of the rump down the back of each thigh. The lower hind legs have glands beneath tufts of black hair. 

Active mainly during the day, the impala may be gregarious or territorial depending upon the climate and geography. Three distinct social groups can be observed: the territorial males, bachelor herds and female herds. The impala is known for two characteristic leaps that constitute an anti-predator strategy. 

An annual, three-week-long rut takes place toward the end of the wet season, typically in May. Rutting males fight over dominance, and the victorious male courts female in oestrus. 

The Impala is a mixed feeder. It browses on shrubbery and grazes grass on gently undulating or flat terrain. Acacia pods and fruits are taken when available.