The upper parts are bright reddish with greyish mixture, white belly. A dark patch extending from the nose up the face to the horns.

Only males have horns, the female is slightly larger than the male.

Prefers woodland with sufficient undergrowth and thickets. Important requirements are thickets, shrubs or tall grass on which it feeds, rests and where it shelters when in danger. Avoids open woodland, short grass veld and dense mountain or coastal forests. Independent of water.

A solitary animal except in the mating season. forages in the early morning and late afternoon until dark. Active for longer periods on cool cloudy days. Lies down in dense shelter, underneath shrubs or in tall grass during the hottest part of the day. Waits until the very last moment before it runs away, head down and with characteristic jumping and swerving movements. Acute sense of smell and sight. Defensive and aggressive attacks on humans have been documented.

Feeds on leaves, small branches, fruit, flowers, seed and vegetables. Seldom drinks water.

A nasal snort as an alarm call, a loud scream when in danger.