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Saltwater Species

Southern Africa, blessed with a coastline that includes two oceans, has a great diversity of saltwater fish species.

Atlantic Ocean - West Coast

The West Coast has an Atlantic Ocean coastline where the cold Benguella Current flows sluggishly northwards.The west coast offers some of the richest fishing opportunities in the world and thanks to the cold water, fishing is the primary tourist attraction all along this coast.     

Indian Ocean - East Coast

The East Coast is warmed by the warm Mozambique current. Here you will find a greater variety of of fish species, which are more ornate. The warmer water means the predation levels are increased, so most of the fish species here would have evolved accordingly. This coast has a predominance of large, fast predatory fish and smaller fish which have advanced defence mechanisms.     

South Africa's Saltwater Fish Species List

  • Elephantfish
  • Silvertip Shark
  • Bronze Whaler
  • Spinner Shark
  • Bull (Zambezi) Shark
  • Blacktip Shark
  • Dusky Shark
  • Sandbar Shark
  • Blackspot Shark
  • Tiger Shark
  • Soupfin Shark
  • Hardnose Shark
  • Houndshark
  • Spotted Gullyshark
  • Milkshark
  • Blue Stingray
  • Butterflyray
  • Honeycomb Stingray
  • Sharpnose Stingray
  • Bluespotted Ribbontail
  • Round Ribbontail
  • Cowshark
  • Whitespotted Shark
  • Great White Shark
  • Devilray
  • Spotted Eagleray
  • Eagleray
  • Bullray
  • Flapnose Ray
  • Ragged Tooth Shark
  • Leopard Shark
  • Largetooth Sawfish
  • Spearnose Skate
  • Lesser Guitarfish
  • Greyspot Guitarfish
  • Giant Guitarfish
  • Banded Catshark
  • Tiger Catshark
  • Puffadder Shyshark
  • Striped Catshark
  • Blackspotted Catshark
  • Leopard Catshark
  • Smooth Hammerhead Shark
  • Spotted Spiny Dogfish
  • Bluntnose Spiny Dogfish
  • African Angelshark
  • Marbled Electric Ray
  • Painted Surgeon
  • Convict Surgeon
  • Yellowfin Surgeon
  • Longhorn Unicorn
  • Bonefish
  • Slender Glassy
  • Longspine Glassy
  • Masked Cardinal
  • White Seacatfish
  • Cape Silverside
  • Hardyhead Silverside
  • Clown Triggerfish
  • Rectangular Triggerfish
  • Bridle Triggerfish
  • Barred Needlefish
  • Yellowfin Needlefish
  • Maned Blenny
  • Largetooth Flounder
  • Shrimp Scad
  • Threadfin Mirrorfish
  • Indian Mirrorfish
  • Longfin Kingfish
  • Shortfin Kingfish
  • Longnose Kingfish
  • Blue Kingfish
  • Yellowspotted Kingfish
  • Bludger
  • Bumpnose Kingfish
  • Malabar Kingfish
  • Giant Kingfish
  • Bluefin Kingfish
  • Brassy Kingfish
  • Blacktip Kingfish
  • Bigeye Kingfish
  • Slender Scad
  • Rainbow Runner
  • Golden Kingfish
  • Garrick (Leervis)
  • Torpedo Scad
  • Largemouth Queenfish
  • Needlescaled Queenfish
  • Cape Yellowtail
  • Longfin Yellowtail
  • Black Banded Yellowtail
  • African Pompano
  • Snubnose Pompano
  • Largespot Pompano (Wave Garrick)
  • Horse Mackerel
  • Razorfish
  • Threadfin Butterflyfish
  • Brown Butterflyfish
  • Spotted Butterflyfish
  • Whitespotted Butterflyfish
  • Halfmoon Butterflyfish
  • Pearly Butterflyfish
  • Doublesash Butterflyfish
  • Maypole Butterflyfish
  • Rightangle Butterflyfish
  • Limespot Butterflyfish
  • Vagabond Butterflyfish
  • Longnose Butterflyfish
  • Coachman
  • Milkfish
  • Butterfish
  • Natal Fingerfin
  • Wolfherring
  • Spotted Hawkfish
  • Grass Klipfish
  • East Coast Roundherring
  • Estuarine Roundherring
  • Kelee Shad
  • Pilchard
  • Galjoen
  • Banded Galjoen
  • Dorado
  • Fringelip Tonguesole
  • Cave Bass
  • Sickle Fish
  • Remora Shark
  • Springer
  • Cape Anchovy
  • Glassnose
  • Longfin Batfish
  • Spadefish
  • Snoek (Barracouta)
  • Smallscale Pursemouth
  • Threadfin Pursemouth
  • Tank Goby
  • African Mudhopper
  • Sixstripe Soapfish
  • Sailfin Rubberlip
  • Dusky Rubberlip
  • Lemonfish
  • Whitebarred Rubberlip
  • Minstrel
  • Spotted Grunter
  • Grey Grunter
  • Javelin Grunter
  • Saddle Grunter
  • Cock Grunter
  • Pinky (Olive) Grunter
  • Strepie
  • Striped Grunter
  • White Musselcracker
  • Streentjie
  • Great Barracuda
  • Pickhandle Barracuda
  • Evileyed Puffer
  • Milkspotted Puffer
  • Cuttlefish
  • Moorish Idol
  • Spotted Halfbeak
  • Crimson Squirrelfish
  • Crown Squirrelfish
  • Sailfish
  • Black Marlin
  • Indo-Pacific Blue Marlin
  • Striped Marlin
  • Barred Flagtail
  • Grey Chub
  • Natal Wrasse
  • Saddleback Hogfish
  • Diana's Hogfish
  • Lined Hogfish
  • Goldsaddle Hogfish
  • Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse
  • Goldbar Wrasse
  • Rainbow Wrasse
  • Ladder Wrasse
  • Toothed Soapy
  • Soapy
  • Slender Deep-Sea Soapy
  • Grey Barenose
  • Yellowfin Emperor
  • Longnose Emperor
  • Blue Emperor
  • Tripletail
  • Streaker
  • River Snapper
  • Twinspot Snapper
  • Spotsnapper
  • Humpback Snapper
  • Bluebanded Snapper
  • Speckled Snapper
  • One-Spot Snapper
  • Bloodsnapper
  • Emperor Snapper
  • Rosy Jobfish
  • Oxeye Tarpon
  • Moonfish
  • Hake
  • Cape Moony
  • Southern Mullet
  • Striped Mullet
  • Flathead Mullet
  • Longarm Mullet
  • Indian Goatfish
  • Banddot Goatfish
  • Backsaddle Goatfish
  • Yellowbanded Goatfish
  • Pike Conger
  • Honeycomb Moray Eel
  • Yellowedged Moray Eel
  • Slender Giant Moray Eel
  • Silverflash Spinecheek
  • Kingklip
  • Cape Knifejaw
  • Natal Knifejaw
  • Longhorn Cowfish
  • Dusky Sweeper
  • Bartail Flathead
  • Striped Barbel
  • Eel Barbel
  • Striped Threadfin
  • Emperor Angelfish
  • Semicircle Angelfish
  • Old Woman
  • Fourbar Damsel
  • Spot Damsel
  • Sergeant Major
  • Clownfish
  • Shad Elf
  • Cobia
  • Kob (Daga, Kabeljou)
  • King Kob
  • Cape Salmon
  • Longfin Kob
  • Mini Kob
  • Snapper Kob
  • Baardman
  • Saury
  • Wahoo
  • Frigate Tuna
  • Eastern Little Tuna
  • Oceanic Bonito (Skipjack)
  • Indian Mackerel
  • Striped Bonito
  • Chub Mackerel
  • Couta
  • Queen Mackerel
  • Longfin tuna
  • Yellowfin Tuna
  • Bigeye Tuna
  • Jacopever
  • Devil Firefish
  • Bigscale Scorpionfish
  • False Jacopever
  • Stonefish
  • Stonebream
  • Sea Goldfish
  • Peacock Rockcod
  • Coral Rockcod
  • Tomato Rockcod
  • White Edged Rockcod
  • Spotted Rockcod
  • Brownspotted Rockcod
  • Redbarred Rockcod
  • Yellowtail Rockcod
  • Yellowbelly Rockcod
  • Brindle Bass
  • Malabar Rockcod
  • Halfmoon Rockcod
  • Potato Bass
  • Swallowtail Rockcod
  • Whitespotted Rabbitfish
  • Silver Sillago
  • East Coast Sole
  • Blackhand Sole
  • River Bream
  • Soldierbream
  • King Soldierbream
  • Carpenter
  • Fransmaddam
  • Santer
  • Englishman
  • Dageraad
  • Red Stumpnose
  • Roman
  • False Englishman
  • Slinger
  • White Karanteen
  • Black Musselcracker
  • Zebra Fish
  • Blacktail (Dassie)
  • John Brown
  • West Coast Steenbras
  • White Steenbras
  • Sand Steenbras
  • Blue Hottentot
  • Hottentot
  • Bronze Bream
  • Natal Sandbream
  • Red Steenbras
  • German
  • Blueskin
  • Scotsman
  • Seventyfour
  • Dane
  • Panga
  • Cape Stumpnose
  • White Stumpnose
  • Natal Stumpnose
  • Bigeye Stumpnose
  • Largescale Lizardfish
  • Thornfish
  • Blackback
  • Cape Gurnard
  • Target John Dory